As the age increases and the symptoms of aging in the body start, the eyes also ‎undergo a change and at first, the near vision decreases, which can be solved ‎using the glasses but gradually the lens of the eye also changes due to aging ‎and its transparency is diminished, One's eyesight is diminished.‎

Congenital diseases, the use of some drugs, exposure to harmful rays and some ‎diseases (most importantly diabetes) also cause or accelerate the development ‎of cataracts.‎

  • Causes of Cataracts
  • Common Cataracts Symptoms
  • Cataract detection method
  • Cataract Treatment Solution
  • Pre-cataract surgery
  • Common Symptoms Postoperative
  • Advice after surgery
  • Cataract possibility Assessment ‎
  • Duration of surgery‎

‎1- Age aging

‎2- Systemic diseases like diabetes‎

‎3- Smoking

‎4- Long-term use of some medications such as corticosteroids

‎5- Blow to the eye

‎6- Long exposure, exposed to sunlight or x-rays

‎1- Blurred vision

‎2- Reduced vision at night or in extreme light

‎3- Driving disturbances especially at night

‎4- Change in color vision

‎5- Diplopia

‎1- Check the power of vision

‎2- Examining the eye structure by microscope by ophthalmologist

Note: The ophthalmologist may recommend other tests for further ‎investigation.‎

The only cataract therapy is surgical; this is one of the most commonly used ‎surgeries in the world; postoperative complications are rare and there is no ‎possibility of post-operative recurrence.‎

In this operation, the blurred‏ ‏Lens content is discharged and the lens replaces ‎it.‎

The time of surgery depends on the patient's individual and occupational ‎conditions, but is usually recommended when it interferes with doing routine ‎tasks such as driving, studying, etc.‎

Note: In double-sided cataracts, between the two eyes should be at least four to ‎eight weeks apart.‎

Note: Cataract surgery is not an emergency and does not need to be ‎hospitalized before surgery.‎

‎1- Determine the number of artificial lens replacing the lens.‎

‎2- Blood tests

‎3- Heart counseling

‎4- Continue taking medications such as low blood pressure medications with ‎your doctor's advice

‎5- Do not eat 12 hours before surgery

‎6- The presence of a friend or relative on the day of surgery, accompanied by ‎the patient

‎7- Bathing 1 day before surgery

Note: Each of the following symptoms is common after surgery.‎

‎1- Blurred vision

‎2- Sensitivity to stunning light

‎3- Tear down, itching and redness of the eyes

‎4- Feeling the foreign body in the eye

‎5- Halo around the light at night

‎6- Floater

‎1- In common methods of cataract surgery, movement restriction is not ‎required unless the patient has special conditions, in which ophthalmologist ‎will give the patient the necessary advice.‎

‎2- Using anti-inflammatory and anti-infective eye drops with the doctor's ‎instructions.‎

‎3- It is better to postponed determining the number of glasses and etc for a few ‎weeks after the surgery because the patient's eye score is changing during this ‎period.‎

Note: Eye examination is very important 24 hours after cataract surgery. In ‎this regard, the ophthalmologist and the treatment team provide more ‎information to patients.‎

Follow the steps below to align with your own status and check the items that ‎apply to you; If you have answered most of the following questions, you are ‎likely to have cataract and should be treated as soon as possible. Do not forget ‎that the delay in cataract treatment has many consequences and can lead to ‎complete blindness of one or both eyes.‎

‎1- Driving is one of my daily routines, but the radiation from the stunning ‎sunlight and the car's headlight make me feel bad.‎

‎2‎‏-‏‎ I cannot do my best, because of insufficient visibility.‎

‎3‎‏-‏‎ I am not able to do homework because of insufficient visibility.‎

‎4‎‏-‏‎ I am not able to do my favorite things (such as studying, watching TV, ‎sewing, have fun, walking) because of insufficient visibility.‎

‎5‎‏-‏‎ I'm always worried about falling into the chop.‎

‎6‎‏-‏‎ Because of cataracts, I cannot be completely independent and always ‎somehow dependent on others.‎

‎7‎‏-‏‎ My current glasses are not able to improve my vision.‎

‎8‎‏-‏‎ Reducing my vision has caused a lot of trouble.‎

‎9‎‏-‏‎ My vision is gradually decreasing.‎

‎10‎‏-‏‎ I had difficulty seeing near and needed glasses of study, but gradually for ‎my sight, the need for glasses was reduced and my vision diminished.‎

‎11‎‏-‏‎ My sight diminishes in too much light, but better in normal light.‎

Of course, it should be noted that these symptoms may also be present in other ‎eye diseases, so if these symptoms occur, you should consult an ‎ophthalmologist for a definitive diagnosis.‎

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