The pterygium is a triangular lesion that extends from the conjunctiva to ‎cornea.‎ This lesion is due to benign growth of connective tissue and conjunctival ‎vein tissue.‎ The pterygium usually develops as a white on the conjunctiva, which ‎gradually grows toward the cornea. Because of the large veins pterygium is ‎usually pink or red. The pterygium can sometimes become inflamed, causing ‎itching and tingling and foreign body sensation.‎

  • Benefits of pterygium removal
  • Alternative methods of pterygium removal
  • Consequences of not accepting pterygium removal
  • Essential postoperative care
  • Duration of surgery

If the pterygium is simply removed, the risk of recurrence is high.‎ Especially in young people and those with inflamed pterygium, it recurs in ‎about half of these cases. In addition to removing pterygium, ‎complementary methods such as conjunctival transplantation or the use of ‎specific medications such as mitomycin during surgery may be useful.‎

‎1- If the pterygium is small and does not have an unpleasant appearance ‎and does not cause redness or irritation to the eyes, it does not require ‎special treatment and is intended for cosmetic purposes.‎

‎2- If the pterygium is not large and does not progress to the cornea, it can be ‎controlled with medication. Anti-pterygium drugs are highly toxic ‎Therefore, if prescribed by a physician, a person should be regularly visited ‎by a physician to prevent drug side effects.‎

‎3- At present, our treatment of pterygium is prudent and we only intervene ‎surgically if we have sufficient evidence and clear clinical signs of pterygium ‎progression.‎

The pterygium develops slowly and may grow so much that it engages the ‎middle of the cornea and causes severe vision loss. In addition, even smaller ‎pterygium can cause astigmatism by altering the shape of the cornea and ‎cause blur vision.‎

If the pterygium reaches the middle of the cornea and blocks vision, it may ‎not be complete with pterygium removal surgery, so it must be operated on ‎before the middle corneal involvement.‎

‎1- Post-operative examination is essential 1 day after surgery.‎

‎2- Because most of the time, pterygium is associated with conjunctival ‎transplantation and requires sutures removal up to 1 to 2 weeks after ‎surgery.‎

‎1:15 minutes‎